Toyota Land Cruiser

FJ60, FJ62 and FJ80 1980-1997 of release

Repair and car operation

Toyota Land Cruiser
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating
+ 5. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 6. System of decrease in toxicity
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Suspension brackets and a steering
+ 10. A body
- 11. An electric equipment
   11.1. Search of malfunctions
   11.2. Safety locks
   11.3. Fusible crosspieces
   11.4. Breakers
   11.5. The relay
   11.6. The breaker of indexes of turn / of the alarm system
   11.7. A combination of switches on a steering column
   11.8. The lock of ignition and a lock drum
   11.9. Indexes of level of fuel, pressure and oil temperature
   11.10. A guard of devices
   11.11. The screen wiper electric motor
   11.12. The receiver and dynamics
   11.13. The aerial
   11.14. A heater of back glass
   11.15. Headlights
   11.16. The case галогенной headlights
   11.17. A sound signal
   11.18. Replacement of lamps
   11.19. Lateral mirrors with the electric drive
   11.20. Cruise-control system
   11.21. The electric drive window lifterа
   11.22. The electric drive of door-locks
   11.23. Safety pillows
+ 12. Electroschemes


11.1. Search of malfunctions

The typical electric chain consists of an element of an electric equipment, switches, the relay, engines, the safety locks, burnt through crosspieces or automatic
Switches and wires and connections which connect all elements among themselves and connect them to the accumulator and (weight) of the car. To simplify process of troubleshooting in section 12 electric schemes of system of an electric equipment of the car are resulted. For example, the troubleshooting problem is considerably facilitated, if it will be possible to check up serviceability of other consumers expressly or by implication connected to the suspected chain.

If refusal of several consumers most a plausible reason is breakage of connection with weight or blowing a safety lock is observed. As a rule electric equipment refusals are caused by easing of contacts or their corrosion, blowingм a safety lock or оплавлением crosspieces. Search of malfunctions as a rule is carried out by means of a tester (voltmeter) or a control lamp which are connected between a site of a faulty chain and well smoothed out weight.

Connecting a tester or a lamp consistently on a chain contour it is possible to reveal a faulty site which is found out on loss of pressure or погасанию lamps. For short circuit search in wires it is necessary to get a safety lock of a checked chain and in rupture to connect a lamp or the voltmeter. In short circuit with weight specifies lamp fire at rocking of wires here and there (the tester should show pressure). For check of reliability of connection with weight connect through an ohmmeter (or through a control lamp to a battery) checked connection of a wire with weight and well smoothed out site of weight. If the ohmmeter shows a chain (or the lamp will light up), connection with weight the reliable. Otherwise contact to weight is broken.

Keep in mind that in most cases the weight serves the return токопроводом, connecting a chain with a negative pole of the battery. Therefore infringement of connection with weight, or rupture in a chain of a return current on the battery, can be a refusal principal cause.